FLIGHT OF THE EARLS, 1607.
Hugh O Neill and Rory O Donnell with nineteen relations and allies sailed from Rathmullan (in the territory of Mac Sweeney Fanad) on September 14. 1607. The Annals of the Four Masters recorded their departure thus:
"That was a distinguished company for one ship, for it is most certain that the sea has not borne nor the wind wafted from Ireland in the latter times a party in any one ship more eminent, illustrious, and noble than they were, in point of genealogy, or more distinguished for great deeds, renown, feats of arms, and  valorous achievements; and would that God had granted them to remain in their  patrimonies, until their youths should arrive at the age of manhood!   Woe to the heart that meditated! woe to the mind that planned! woe to the council that determined on the project that caused the party who went on that voyage to depart, while they had no prospect to the end of their lives of returning safe to their estates, or patrimonial inheritance!"

The Franciscan church of S. Pietro, Montorio, Rome, where Hugh O Neill, Earl of Tyrone, and Rory O Donnell, Earl of Tyrconnell, and their kin are buried.   

A tablet set in the floor of the church of S. Pietro, Montorio, marks the burial place of the bones of  Hugh O Neill, Earl of Tyrone.  He died in Rome, July 20, 1616, age 76.   

A tombstone set in the floor of the church of S. Pietro, Montorio, bears the arms of Hugh O Neill, Baron of Dungannon, son of Hugh,  Earl of Tyrone.  He died of fever, Sept. 26, 1609, age 24. Years later his father's bones  were placed in his grave.

Rory O Donnell, Earl of Tyrconnell, died of fever in Rome, July 28, 1608, and was buried in the church of S. Pietro in Montorio, age c. 33.
Caffer O Donnell (brother of Rory, Earl of Tyrconnell) died of fever in Rome, Sept. 15, 1608.  He was buried in Rory's grave in S. Pietro, Montorio.